Maisie Roberts

Postgraduate Researcher

Postgraduate Researchers, Work and Employment Relations, Centre for Employment Relations, Innovation and Change (CERIC)


ESRC WRDTC Discipline Studentship


2015: MA Human Resource Management, University of Leeds, Distinction.

2011: BA (Hons) Cultural Studies, University of Leeds, First Class Honours.

Professional Memberships

Associate member of Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD)

Student member of British Universities Industrial Relations Association (BUIRA)

Student member of British Sociological Association (BSA)


University of Leeds Undergraduate Research and Leadership Scholarship (2009-11)

ESRC WRDTC Discipline Studentship (+ 3)


Thesis Title

The changing nature of the English and German apprenticeship systems.


Professor Mark Stuart

Dr Vera Trappmann


Apprenticeships; vocational education and training; skills; international and comparative employment relations; comparative political economy

Thesis Summary/Synopsis

My PhD research explores the changing dynamics of the English and German apprenticeship systems and I am particularly interested in their national institutional differences. The English and German systems take different approaches, reflecting their respective market-driven and corporatist models. Germany has a long established dual system, where both firm and vocational schools provide highly structured training; the system is supported by a strong institutional network of social partners, including trade unions, employers’ organisations and the state. Conversely, England’s system is voluntarist, with limited monitoring and regulation, and has undergone repeated political attempts to reform the system. However, there are a number of open questions about how the systems are likely to evolve in the future. Current developments highlight a potential for convergence, with England focusing efforts into strengthening national intermediate skills and apprenticeship participation and Germany increasing investment into general education and higher education. My research therefore addresses the core question: How are the English and German apprenticeship systems changing, and, how are these changes shaped by their national institutional contexts?

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