Dr. Peter Howley
I received my PhD from University College Dublin in 2008 in Economics and Environmental Policy. Since then I have worked as an economist for an agricultural/rural development agency in Galway, Ireland (Teagasc), a Lecturer and then subsequently Senior Lecturer in Economics within the Environment Department at the University of York. I took up my current position as an Associate Professor in the Economics Division here at the University of Leeds in May 2018. My work lies at the intersection between economics and psychology, while also drawing on insights from other disciplines such as sociology and human geography. I work on a varied and ever-evolving range of topics (see some examples below). This has lead to papers in high-impact journals across the social sciences including American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organisation, Environment and Planning A, Ecological Economics, Journal of Agricultural Economics, Journal of Rural Studies, Social Science and Medicine and Work, Employment and Society as well as research income from, among others, the BBSRC, Nuffield Foundation and the Environmental Protection Agency (Ireland). I also supervise a significant number of postdoctoral and PhD researchers working on a diverse range of topics worldwide.
My current research is principally in the area of applied microeconomics (most often using panel data methods) with a particular focus on the economics of happiness. My work in this area often combines large annual household surveys with a diverse array of environmental datasets capturing, amongst other things, neighbourhood measures of deprivation (income, local labour market conditions etc.), air quality and ethnic diversity. Most recently I have studied the impact of immigration, diet, air pollution, health and social capital for people’s sense of self-reported or subjective well-being as well as the role of status concerns (e.g. how we compare to relevant others). Of particular relevance in the current political climate, I currently lead an interdiscplinary team of researchers on a project funded by the Nuffield foundation concerned with determining the relationship between immigration and subjective well-being. Some of our intial findings are summarised here: https://theconversation.com/how-immigration-can-make-some-uk-born-residents-feel-worse-off-even-if-they-arent-new-research-122681.
I also have a keen interest in agricultural economics. My previous research in this area has shown the importance of considering non-monetary drivers such as non-pecuniary benefits, productivist attitudes and risk aversion when seeking to understand farmers behaviour. Related to this work, I am currently a Co-I on an ambitious interdisciplinary project, I Know Food, funded by the Global Food Security Programme addressing the topic of food system resilience. Within this project, I am looking at, among other things, the application of key insights from social psychology and behavioral economics in encouraging conservation farm practices and technology uptake.
Finally, I have worked on a number of issues in the environmental and resource economics domain. This includes the effect of weather on crime, the valuation of environmental goods and services and the determinants of pro-environmental behaviour. While I principally use quantitative methods, I also dabble with qualitative research methods on various projects mostly led by talented postgraduate students.
I currently supervise a number of PhD and postdoctoral researchers working on areas related to the work described above. I am interested in hearing from enthusiastic potential PhD students (or anyone else for that matter) interested in working in any of these areas. The funkier the idea the better!
Research funding: I have been involved in reserach grants totalling £4 million. My own individual component as PI or Co-I comes to £750k.
- Howley, P. Moro, M., Heron, T. and Delaney, L. (£188,000) Immigration and well-being. Nuffield foundation. PI.
- Sccarpa, R., Howley, P., Panzone, L. and Thankappan, S. (£29,000) Cost-effective supply chain for livestock in Ethopia. N8 Strategic pump priming, 2017-2018. Co-I.
- Doherty, B., Christiansen, P., Ensor, J., Grieve, B., Halford, J., Heron, T., Howley, P., Ozanyan, K., Petrie, H., Pickett, K. and West, C. (£3.4m), IKnow Food, BBSRC, 2016-2020.Co-I
- Howley, P. and McClean, C. ESRC PhD Studentship co-financed with Environment Department, (£51,000), 2014-2017. PI.
- Doherty, B. et al. N8 Industry Innovation Forum (£27,000), 2015.
- Howley, P. Offaly Local Development Authority (€30,000), 2012.
- Howley, P., Buckley, C. and O Donoghue, C. (€88,000) Public attitudes towards water quality. Environmental Protection Agency, 2011-2012. PI.
- Howley, P., Buckley, C. and O Donoghue, C. (€86,000), The drivers of river water quality. Environmental Protection Agency, 2011-2012. PI.
Current postdoctoral supervision
Some selected recent papers over the last four years – see CV (44 in total) for complete list.
Economics of happiness
Howley, P., Waqas, M., Moro, M., Delaney, L. and Heron, T. (2019) It's not all about the economy stupid! Immigration and self-reported well-being in England. Work, Employment and Society, In press (4 ABS, A ABDC).
Ocean, N., Howley, P. and Ensor, J. (2019) Lettuce Be Happy: A longitudinal UK Study on the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and well-being, Social Science and Medicine, 335-345 (4 ABS).
Howley, P. (2017) Less money or better health? Evaluating individuals’ willingness to make trade-offs using life satisfaction data. Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organisation, 135-53-65 (3 ABS, A* ABDC).
Howley, P., Dillon, E., Heanue, K. and Meredith, D. (2017) Worth the risk? The behavioural path to well-being. Journal of Agricultural Economics 68, 534-552 (3 ABS, A ABDC).
Howley, P., O Neill, S. and Atkinson, R. (2015) Who needs good neighbours? Environment and Planning A, 47, 939-956 (4 ABS, A* ABDC).
Howley, P. and Knight, S. (2019) Staying down with the Joneses: Neighbourhood differences in the well-being effects of unemployment. Under review. Available at: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3184844
Howley, P. Waqas, M. and Ocean, N. (2019) Open minds, open borders: Immigration and the mental well-being of natives. Under review. Available at: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3321720
Howley, P. (2015) The happy farmer: the effect of nonpecuniary benefits on behaviour. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 97, 1072-1096 (3 ABS, A* ABDC).
Howley, P., Buckley, C., Donoghue, C. and Ryan, M. (2015) Explaining the economic ‘irrationality’ of farmers’ land use behaviour: the role of productivist attitudes and non-pecuniary benefits. Ecological Economics, 109, 186-193 (3 ABS, A ABDC).
Dillon, E.J., Hennessy, T., Howley, P., Cullinan, J., Heanue, K. and Cawley, A (2018) Routine intertia and reactionanry response in animal health best practice. Agriculture and Human Values, 35, 207-221 (B ABDC).
Ocean, N. and Howley, P. (2019) Using prospect theory to improve the design of agricultural subsidy schemes. Available at: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3432955.
Howley, P. and Ocean, N. (2019) Doing more with less: Leveraging social norms and status concerns in encouraging conservation farm practices. Available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3439994.
Truilijo, J. and Howley, P. (2019) The effect of weather on crime in a 'Torrid' Urban Zone. Environment and Behaviour. In press.
McNally, H., Howley P. and Cotton, M. (2018) Public perceptions of shale gas: framing effects and decision heuristics. Energy, Ecology and Environment, 3, 305-316.
Marr, E. and Howley, P. (2019) The accidental environmentalists: factors affecting farmer’s adoption of pro-environmental activities in England and Ontario. Journal of Rural Studies, 68, 1000-111 (3 ABS).
Taherzadeh, O. and Howley, P. (2017) No net loss of what, for whom? Stakeholder perspectives on Biodiversity Offsetting in England. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1-24.
Marr, E. and Howley, P. (2016) Sparing or sharing: Different approaches to managing agricultural and environmental spaces in England and Ontario. Journal of Rural Studies, 48, 77-91 (3 ABS).
My research relating to the role of neighbouring, diet and air pollution for mental well-being has featured widely in the media, e.g. BBC radio, The Times, Guardian and The Conversation.
Recent blog posts:
How immigration can make some UK-born residents feel worse off even if they aren’t: - new research: https://theconversation.com/how-immigration-can-make-some-uk-born-residents-feel-worse-off-even-if-they-arent-new-research-122681: September 6th 2019
Eating more fruits and vegetables linked to better mental well-being: https://theconversation.com/eating-more-fruit-and-vegetables-linked-to-better-mental-well-being-new-study-111211: Feb 7th 2019
Air pollution may be affecting how happy you are: https://theconversation.com/air-pollution-may-be-affecting-how-happy-you-are-110470: Jan 30th 2019
I have substantive experience developing and teaching a wide variety of modules at both undergraduate and postgraduate level including Applied Economics, Environmental Economics, Environmental Valuation, Resource Economics and Research Methods. Here at Leeds I currently teach a second year Reserach Methods module and contribute to a first year Economic Controversies module. In addition to teaching I also supervise a significant number of PhD candidates working on a diverse range of topics worldwide (see below for more details).
- Eric Marr: Food Production or Biodiversity Protection? Funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Doctoral Fellowship. Completed September 2018.
- Xiaowen Wang (co-supervised with Murray Rudd) Pharmaceuticals and Personal care Products in the Environment in China. Completed September 2016.
- Jennifer Chapman (co-supervisor with Alistair Boxall): Assessment of socio-economic and ecological impacts of veterinary drugs in the environment. Funded by the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. Completed June 2019.
- Fari Aftab (co-supervisor with David Spencer and Juliane Scheffel). The economic and social integration of migrants in the UK
- Rushi Chen (co-supervisor with Effie Kesidou). Renewable erngy and GDP growth in China
- Karine Rassool (co-supervisor with Bryce Beukers-Stewart): Social, economic and cultural value of the fisheries sector in the Seychelles.
- Juan C. Trujillo: Extreme weather events, health and well-being. Funded by the Economic Development, Institutions, and Public Policies for the Progress of the Colombian Caribbean.
- Sarah Knight (co-supervisor with Colin McClean): Environmental amenities and well-being. Funded by the Economic and Social Research Council