Gary Dymski

Professor of Applied Economics

+44 (0)113 34 34195
Academic, Economics, Applied Institute of Research in Economics (AIRE)
GM.19, Maurice Keyworth Building


B.A., University of Pennsylvania, Urban Studies, 1975
M.P.A., Maxwell School, Syracuse University, Public Budgeting, 1977
PhD, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Economics, 1987


Public Policy, Political Economy, Money and Banking, Macroeconomics


Gary Dymski is Professor and Chair in Applied Economics at the Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds. He received his BA in urban studies from the University of Pennsylvania, graduating Phi Beta Kappa in 1975. He received a doctorate in economics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in 1987. He was a member of the economics faculty at the University of Southern California from 1986 to 1991 before joining the UCR economics faculty in 1991. Gary served as associate dean in the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences in 2001-02 and was founding director of the Center for Sustainable Suburban Development in 2002-03. From 2003 to 2009, Gary was the founding Executive Director of the University of California Center, Sacramento, a UC-wide public policy center in California’s state capitol. Gary has been a visiting scholar in universities and research centers in Brazil, Bangladesh, Japan, Korea, Great Britain, Greece, and India. Gary has published numerous books, articles, chapters, and studies on banking, financial fragility, urban development, credit-market discrimination, the Latin American and Asian financial crises, exploitation, housing finance, the subprime lending crisis, financial regulation, the Eurozone crisis, and economic policy.


Academic appointments

  • Chair in Applied Economics, Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, 2012 - present
  • University of California, Riverside: Professor of Economics, 2000-14; Associate
    Professor of Economics, 1995-2000; Assistant Professor of Economics, 1991-95
  • Founding Executive Director, University of California Center in Sacramento, 2003-09
  • Director, Planning Process, Center for Sustainable Suburban Development, UC Riverside, 2002-03
  • Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies, College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, University of California, Riverside, 2001-02
  • University of Southern California: Assistant Professor of Economics, 1987-91; Acting Assistant
    Professor of Economics, 1986-87
  • Visiting Professor, Institute of Economics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2001, 2010
  • School for Policies, Innovations, and Development Research, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 2013
  • Graduate Program in Economics, Center for Development and Regional Planning (CEDEPLAR), 2005, 2008
  • Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 2010
  • Federal Fluminense University, Niteroi, Brazil, 2010
  • Visiting Scholar, Center for Urban & Regional Development Studies, University of Newcastle, UK, 2009
  • Visiting Scholar, Doctoral Program in Economics, University of Athens, Greece, 2009
  • Visiting Professor, Graduate Program in Development, Society and Agriculture, Rio de Janeiro, 2005
  • Visiting Scholar, Department of Economics, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2003
  • Visiting Scholar, Center for International Research on the Japanese Economy, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, 2000
  • Visiting Lecturer, Bangladesh Institute for Development Studies, Dhaka, 1992

Non-academic employment

1979-81 Staff Director and Fiscal Advisor, Democratic Caucus, Indiana State Senate
1977-79 Economic Analyst, Legal Services Organization of Indiana, Indianapolis, Indiana
1975-77 Senior Research Analyst, Office of Institutional Research, Syracuse University


  • 2009 Certificate of Appreciation, California State Senate
  • 2003 Certificate of Appreciation, For Sisters Only Student Association, UC Riverside
  • 2002 Lifetime Honorary Membership, Golden Key Society, UC Riverside Chapter
  • 2000 Professor of the Year, UC Riverside Honors Program
  • 1990 Omicron Delta Epsilon Award for Excellence in Teaching, USC
  • 1985-86 Leo Model Research Fellowship, The Brookings Institution
  • 1983-84 University Fellowship, University of Massachusetts
  • 1975 Phi Beta Kappa, University of Pennsylvania

Grants Contracts & Gifts

  • Co-Investigator, ESRC Productivity Network-Plus: Productivity Insights Network, 2018-ongoing
  • Faculty Sponsor, Marie Curie Fellowship Program, 2018. Grantee: Jacqueline Rutkowski, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Co-Investigator, EPSRC Grand Challenges project on urban infrastructure and robotics, 2016 ongoing
  • Co-Principal Investigator, with Dr. Annina Kaltenbrunner, Foundation for European Progressive
    Studies grant, “Inequality and Finance in Europe,” ongoing. Other partners include the Jean Jaures
    Fondation, Paris, and the Boeckler Foundation, Berlin, 2013-2016
  • Seedcorn grant, Leeds University Business School, “Finding Links between Geographic and
    Economic Researchers on the Eurozone Crisis,” 2012-14
  • 2011-2012 Principal Investigator, UC Humanities Reseach Institute grant, “Representing, and Healing an Invisible Crisis: California Foreclosure Dialogues,” augmented by a Chancellor’s Innovation Fund grant, UCR, ongoing
  • 2007 Principal Investigator, UC Mexus mini-grant, “From Redlining and Discrimination to Ethnic Banks and Remittances,” A Workshop on Financial Processes & Urban Inequality, UCCS, July 9-13, 2007
  • 2006-2009 Co-Principal Investigator, with Peter Cowhey, Institute for Global Cooperation and Conflict, UCSD, “Governmental Official Training in California Homeland Security”
  • 2006 Principal Investigator, UCR Center for California Native Nations, “Securing Sovereignty: A Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy for the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians”.
  • 2006 Principal Investigator and Organizer, “Brazil: The Promise and the Crisis - A Rio-Riverside Dialogue and Conference,” Center for Ideas and Society, UCR, June 1-2, 2006
  • 2005-2006 Affiliate Researcher, United Nations Development Program
  • 2002-2003 Director-designate, Edward J. Blakely Center for Sustainable Suburban Development, University of California, Riverside (Challenge grant and endowment gift)
  • 1998-2002 Lead researcher, HUBZones Program, Small Business Administration
  • 1999-2000 Principal investigator, “HUBZones Eligibility Study: Linking Worker Residence and Firm Location to Understand Firm Survival and Job Creation,” Center for Economic Studies, Census Bureau, Washington, DC
  • 1999-2002 Campus director, American Economic Association Minority Pipeline Project, MacArthur Foundation
  • 1996-2000 Planning and conference grants from UC Pacific Rim Research Program, for a collaborative study of housing finance, financial globalization, and the social contract in Japan, South Korea, and the US
  • 1998-2000 Grant from Center for Global Partnership, Japan Foundation, for the above housing-finance project
  • 1991-2005 Faculty Research Grants, Academic Senate, UC-Riverside
  • 1996-97 Contract with Consumers Union to evaluate effects of banking mergers
  • 1994-95 Rosenberg Foundation Grant to investigate bank innovation and credit availability in L.A.
  • 1990-91 Grant from the City of Los Angeles to evaluate mortgage lending and banking services in Los Angeles (with Western Center on Law and Poverty)
  • 1989 Workshop grant, Center for International Studies, USC
  • 1988 Faculty Research and Innovation Fund Grant, USC


  • Board of Editors, International Review of Applied Economics, 1993-present.
  • Member, Editorial Collective, Latin American Perspectives. 2011-present.
  • Board of Editors, Review of Keynesian Economics, 2012-present.
  • Board of Editors, Econômica,Universidad Federal Fluminense, Brazil. 2006-present.
  • Associate Editor, Japanese Journal of Administrative Science, 2005-present.
  • Board of Advisors, Problemas del Desarrollo, Revista Latinoamericana de Economia, Institute for Economics
  • Research, National Autonomous University of Mexico. 2000-present.
  • Board of Editors, GeoForum, 1995-2011.
  • Board of Editors, Journal of Economic Issues, 2001-4.
  • Board of Editors, Review of Radical Political Economics, 1979-1981.


  • Board Member, Post Keynesian Study Group, United Kingdom, 2012-present; Secretary, 2015-present.
  • Overseas Academic Advisor, Japanese Society for Political Economy. Elected, November 2011.
  • Member, American Economic Association, 1982-present.
  • Member, AEA Committee on the Status of Minority Groups in the Economics Profession, 2003-2008.
  • Member, Economists for Peace and Security, 1999-present. Fellow, 2007-present.
  • Member, Union for Radical Political Economics, 1978-present.
  • Member, Association for Evolutionary Economics, 1997-present. Board member, 2003-06. Chair of the James Street Scholar Award Committee, 2011-12.
  • Member, Japanese Society for Political Economy. Elected November 2001.
  • Member, Association for Institutional Thought, 1996-present.
  • Member, Working group on “Globalization, City-Regions, And Economic Development,” UCLA,
    August 2001-July 2003. Organized by Michael Storper and Allen J. Scott.
  • Member, Engendering Macroeconomics working group, UNDP, 1997-2003.
  • Member, Brookings Institution urban-sprawl working group, Los Angeles, 1998-2003.
  • Member, Research group on 2nd-generation Asian Americans, Center for Ideas and Society, UCR, 2002.
  • Member, Seminar on Modernity and its Discontents, Center for Ideas and Society, UCR, Winter 2002 quarter.
  • Coordinator, Open Project on the Social Impacts of Economic Globalization, Ministry of Education, Govt of Japan; directed by Professor Tetsuji Kawamura, Musashi University, Tokyo. 2003-2007.
  • Member, California-Brazil Partnership Action Team, 2005-2009.
  • Member, Steering Committee, California Policy Research Center, 2003-2007.
  • Board member, California Program on Access to Care, 2008-09.
  • Ex-officio member, California Hazards Institute of the University of California, 2006-2009.
  • Board Member, Asian-American Pacific Islander Policy Initiative, University of California, 2006-2009.
  • Executive Committee, Pacific Rim Research Program, University of California, 1999-2003.


Macroeconomics, Keynesian theory

Banking strategy and mergers

Urban economics

Money and space

Financial exclusion

Racial and gender discrimination in credit and housing markets

Development and inequality


LUBS 1290 Economic ControversiesLUBS 3560 and LUBS 5140 International Economic Coordination and Governance LUBS 5108 Applied EconometricsLUBS 5740 Economics of Strategy



The Bank Merger Wave: The Economic Causes and Social Consequences of Financial Consolidation in the
United States. M.E. Sharpe, Inc., Armonk NY. June 1999.
Japanese edition published, 2004, Nihon-Keizai-Hyoron-Sha Publishers, Tokyo. Translated by Shinya
Imura and Akira Matsumoto,


  • Editor, The Political Economy of Race and Class, Published as a special issue of the Review of Radical
    Political Economics, 17(3), Fall 1985. 182 pgs.
  • Co-Editor with Gerald Epstein and Robert Pollin of Transforming the U.S. Financial System: An Equitable and Efficient Structure for the 21st Century. M.E. Sharpe, Inc. Published October 1993. Sponsored by Economic Policy Institute. 365 pgs. Japanese edition published, 2001. Translated by Harada Yoshinara.
  • Co-Editor with Bob Pollin of New Directions in Monetary Macroeconomics: Essays in the Tradition of Hyman P. Minsky. University of Michigan Press. Published in April 1994. 414 pgs. Japanese edition published, April 2004, Koyo Shobo, Kyoto. Translation by Hirofumi Ueda, Hiroshi
    Fujii, and Sadayoshi Takaya.
  • Co-editor with Dorene Isenberg of Seeking Shelter on the Pacific Rim: Financial Globalization, Social
    Change, and the Housing Market. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, December 2001. 382 pgs.
  • Co-editor with Silvana De Paula of Reimagining Growth: Towards a Renewal of Development Theory.
    London: Zed Books, August 2005, 308 pgs.
  • Co-editor with Amiya Bagchi of Capture and Exclude: Developing Nations and the Poor in Global Finance, Delhi: Tulika Books, 2007, 344 pgs.
  • Co-editor with Kiichiro Yagi, Nobuharu Yokokawa, Shinjiro Hagiwara, The Crisis of 2008 and the Future of Capitalism, London: Routledge, 2012.


  • “An Introduction to the Political Economy of Race and Class,” Review of Radical Political Economics, 17 (3), Fall 1985: 1-7.
  • “A Keynesian Theory of Bank Behavior,” Journal of Post Keynesian Economics 10(4), Summer 1988:
  • “Keynesian versus Credit Theories of Money and Banking: A Reply to Wray,” Journal of Post
    Keynesian Economics 12(1), Fall 1989: 157-63.
  • “Capitalism and the Democratic Economy,” with John Elliott. Social Philosophy and Policy, 6(1) August 1988: 259-282. Reprinted in Capitalism, Ed. by Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller Jr., Jeffrey Paul and John Ahrens. Basil Blackwell: Oxford, 1989: 140-164.
  • “Roemer versus Marx: Alternative Perspectives on Exploitation,” with John Elliott, Review of Radical
    Political Economics 20(2/3), Summer/Fall 1988: 25-33. Reprinted in Exploitation, Ed. by Kai Neilsen and Bob Ware. New York: Humanities Press, 1997:197-207.
  • “Should Anyone Be Interested in Exploitation?” with John Elliott, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supp. Vol. 15 (special issue on analytical Marxism), 1989: 333-74.
  • “The Taxonomy of Primary Exploitation,” with John Elliott, Review of Social Economy 47(4), Winter 1989: 338-77.
  • “Roemer's Theory of Capitalist Exploitation: The Contradictions of Walrasian Marxism,” with James Devine. Review of Radical Political Economics 21(3), Fall 1989: 13-17. Reprinted in Exploitation, Ed. by Kai Neilsen and Bob Ware. New York: Humanities Press, 1997.
  • “Debt Crisis and Class Conflict in Latin America,” with Manuel Pastor, Jr., Review of Radical Political
    Economics 22(1) Spring 1990: 155-178. Reprinted in Capital and Class Vol. 43, Spring 1991: 203-232.
  • “Bank Lending, Misleading Signals, and the Latin American Debt Crisis,” with Manuel Pastor, Jr.
    International Trade Journal 6(2), 1990: 151-191.
  • “Money and Credit in Radical Political Economy: A Survey of Contemporary Perspectives,” Review of
    Radical Political Economics 22(2/3) Summer/Fall 1990: 38-65. Japanese translation/reprint: “Money and Credit in Radical Political Economy: A Survey of Contemporary Perspectives.” Review of Politics and Economics, No. 72, 1990: 19-63. Kokushikan University, Tokyo. Translated by Yasutoshi Noshita.
  • “Roemer's ‘General’ Theory of Exploitation is a Special Case: The Limits of Walrasian Marxism,” with Jim Devine. Economics and Philosophy 7(2), October 1991: 235-276.
  • “Walrasian Marxism Once Again: A Reply to John Roemer,” with Jim Devine. Economics and
    Philosophy 8(1), April 1992: 157-162.
  • “Towards a New Model of Exploitation: The Case of Racial Domination.” International Journal of Social Economics, 19(7/8/9), 1992: 292-313.
  • “A “New View” of the Role of Banking Firms in Keynesian Monetary Theory,” Journal of Post Keynesian Economics 14(3), Spring 1992: 311-320.
  • “Keynesian Uncertainty and Asymmetric Information: Complementary or Contradictory?” Journal of Post Keynesian Economics 16(1), Fall 1993: 49-54.
  • “The Theory of Bank Redlining and Discrimination: An Exploration,” Review of Black Political Economy 23(3), Winter 1995: 37-74.
  • “Economic Polarization and US Policy Activism,” International Review of Applied Economics 10(1), January 1996: 65-84.
  • “Exploitation and Racial Inequality: The US Case,” Research in Political Economy. Vol. 15. 1996: 111-138.
  • “Financial Transformation and the Metropolis: Booms, Busts, and Banking in Los Angeles,” with John Veitch, Environment and Planning A 28(7), July 1996: 1233-1260.
  • “Business Strategy and Access to Capital in Inner City Revitalization,” Review of Black Political Economy 24(2-3): Fall 1995-Winter 1996: 51-65. Reprinted in The Inner City. Eds. Thomas Boston and Catherine Ross. Transactions Books, 1997: 51- 66.
  • “On Krugman’s Model of Economic Geography,” Geoforum 27(4). Great Britain: Elsevier Science Ltd.,
    November 1996: 439-452.
  • “Deciphering Minsky”s Wall Street Paradigm,” Journal of Economic Issues 31(2), June 1997: 501-508.
  • “Can the Global Neoliberal Regime Survive Victory in Asia? The Political Economy of the Asian Crisis,” with James Crotty, International Papers in Political Economy, 5(2). 1998: 1-47. Spanish translation/reprint: “¿Podrá el régimen neoliberal sobrevivir a la victoria en Asia? La
    Econom¡a Politica de la Crisis Asiatica,” Revista Bimestre Cubana 86, III(10), Enero-Junio 1999: 21-
  • “Asset Bubbles in the Korean and Japanese Crisis: A Spatialized Minsky Approach” Journal of Regional Studies (Korea), 1998: 135-159.
  • “ ‘Economia de bolha’ e crise financeira no Leste Asiatico e na Califórnia: uma perspectiva espacializada de Minsky (A Spatialized Minsky Approach to Asset Bubbles and Financial Crisis),” Economia e Sociedade, (11): UNICAMP, Campinas, Sao Paulo. December 1998: 73-136.
  • “Banking in the New Financial World: From Segmentation to Separation?” Arche Interdisciplinar, Vol. II, No. 21. Special issue on macroeconomics, Candido Mendes University, Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1998: 21-46.
  • “Credit and Banking Structure: Asian and African-American Experience in Los Angeles,” with Lisa Mohanty, American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, May 1999, 89(2): 362-366.
  • “Financial Crisis, Gender, and Power: An Analytical Framework,” with Maria Sagrario Floro, World
    Development 28(7), July 2000: 1269-83.
  • “Illegal-Seizure and Market-Disadvantage Approaches to Restitution: A Comparison of the Japanese
    American and African American Cases,” Review of Black Political Economy, 27(3), Winter1999: 47-78.
  • “Can Entrepreneurial Incentives Revitalize the Urban Inner Core” A Spatial Input-Output Approach,” Journal of Economic Issues 35(2), June 2001: 415-22.
  • “Is Discrimination Disappearing” Racial Differentials in Access to Credit[UCS5], 1992-1998,” International Journal of Social Economics 28(10/11/12), 2001: 1025-45. Reprinted in Tsun-Wu Chang and Shi-Yeoung Tang, editors, Essays on Ethnic Chinese Abroad.
    Volume 1: Migration, Entrepreneurs and Commerce. Taipei, Taiwan: Academia Sinica, 2002: 429-56.
  • “Post-Hegemonic U.S. Economic Hegemony: Minskian and Kaleckian Dynamics in the Neoliberal Era,”
    Keizai Riron Gakkai Nempo (Journal of the Japanese Society for Political Economy), 39, April 2002: 247-64.
  • “Chinese American Banking and Community Development in Los Angeles County: The Financial Sector and Chinatown/Ethnoburb Development,” with Wei Li, Yu Zhou, Carolyn Aldana, and Maria Chee, Annals of the American Association of Geographers 92(4), 2002: 777-796.
  • “The Global Bank Merger Wave: Implications for Developing Countries,” The Developing Economies. Special Issue on “M&A and Privatization in Developing Countries,” 40(4), December 2002: 435-66.
    “Rhonda M. Williams: Competition, Race, Agency, and Community,” with Jessica Gordon Nembhard, Review of Black Political Economy 29(4), Spring 2002: 25-42.
  • “The Macrostructure of Financial Exclusion: Mainstream, Ethnic, and Fringe Banks and MoneySpace in Los Angeles,” with Wei Li. Espaces, Populations, Societies, 2003-1: 183-201. A shortened version, “The Macrostructure of Financial “Rights to the City”: Banking, Financial
    Exclusion, and MoneySpace in Los Angeles,” appears as Chapter XX (15 pages) in the Proceedings of
    the 2003 Rights to the City Conference, Rome, Italy: International Geographical Union.
  • “Immigration, Finance, and Urban Evolution: An Illustrative Model, with a Los Angeles Case Study,” Review of Black Political Economy 30(4), Spring 2003: 27-48.
  • “Financial Globalization and Cross-Border Co-Movements of Money and Population: Foreign Bank Offices in Los Angeles,” with Wei Li, Environment and Planning A 2004, 36(2), February 2004: 213-40.
  • “Financial Globalization, Social Exclusion, and Financial Crisis,” International Review of Applied Economics 19(4), October 2005: 441-459.
  • “Banking Strategy and Financial Exclusion: Tracing the Pathways of Globalization,” Revista de Economia, UFRS, Curitiba, Vol. 31(1-29), 2005: 107-43.
  • “La Crise des Banques Coréennes aprés la Crise,” (“The Post-Crisis Korean Banking Crisis”), Revue de Tier Monde, Special Issue on Asia, No 186, Avril-Juin 2006: 361-384.
  • “Targets of Opportunity in Two Landscapes of Financial Globalization,” Geoforum, 37, 2006: 307-311.
  • “Money and Credit in Heterodox Theory: Reflections on Lapavitsas,” Historical Materialism, 14:1, 2006: 49-
  • “Money as a positional good and global power asymmetries: reflections on “Positional goods and asymmetric
    development,” Econômica 8(2), December 2006, Niteroi, Brazil.
  • “What has Never Happened Before and is Happening Again: Development and Discrimination in the San Joaquin Valley,” Berkeley La Raza Law Journal, special issue, “The New Face of California: The Great Central Valley,” 17(2), Fall 2006: 221-45.
  • “Banking Strategy and Credit Expansion: A Post Keynesian Approach,” with Antonio Alves and Luiz
    Fernando de Paula, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 32, 2007: 395-420.
    “Global Banking and Financial Services to Immigrants in Canada and the United States,” with Wei Li and Alex Oberle, Journal of International Migration and Integration 10(1), 2009: 1-29.
  • “The Global Customer and the Spatiality of Exclusion after the ‘End of Geography’,” Cambridge Journal on Regions, Economy, and Society 2:2, July 2009: 267-85.
  • “Racial Exclusion and the Political Economy of the Subprime Crisis,” Historical Materialism 17(2), 2009: 149-179. Published in Spanish translation in a book version of this special issue of Historical Materialism: “La exclusión racial y la economìa polìtica del la crisis del crédito de alto riesgo,” Pp. 91-146 in La Crisis de la Financiarización. Costas Lapavitsas, coordinador, Carlos Morera, compilador.Ciudad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, y Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales. June 2011.
  • “Afterword: Mortgage Markets and the Urban Problematic in the Global Transition,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 33:2, Symposium, “sociology & geography of mortgage markets,” June 2009: 427-42.
  • “Financing Community Development in the U.S.: A Comparison of “War on Poverty” and 1990s
    Approaches,” Review of Black Political Economy 36(3-4), September/December 2009: 245-73.
  • “Ethnobanking in the USA: from antidiscrimination vehicles to transnational entities,” with Wei Li, Carolyn Aldana, and Hyeon-Hyo Ahn, International Journal of Business and Globalisation 4(2), 2010: 163-91.
  • “Why the Subprime Crisis is Different: A Minskyian Approach,” Cambridge Journal of Economics, 34(2), March 2010: 239-55.
  • “Development as Social Inclusion: Reflections on the US subprime crisis,” Development 53(3), 2010: 368-75.
  • “Confronting the Quadruple Global Crisis,” Geoforum 41, November 2010: pp. 837-40.
  • “Limits of Policy Intervention in a World of Neoliberal Mechanism Designs: Paradoxes of the Global Crisis,” Panoeconomicus (παυoeconomicus) 58(3), September 2011, pp. 285-308.
  • “Ten Ways to See a Favela: Notes on the political economy of the new city,” Economica (UFF/Brazil), 13(1), December 2011, pp. 7-36.
  • “The Global Crisis and the Governance of Power in Finance,” World Review of Political Economy, 2(4),
    Winter 2011, 581-602.
  • “Unsustainable Employment Portfolios, with John Buchanan, Julie Froud, Sukhdev Johal and Karel Williams, Work, Employment, and Society 27(3), June 2013, pp. 396-413.
  • “Race, Gender, Power, and the Subprime/Foreclosure Crisis: A Meso Analysis,” with Jesus Hernandez and Lisa Mohanty, Feminist Economics 19(3), July 2013: 124-51.
  • “The Crisis of the Core Seen through the Eyes of the Periphery: A Schelling Model of the Global-South Megacity and the European Crisis,” Panoeconomicus (παυoeconomicus) 60(4), September 2013, pp. 433-55.
  • “Can Relationship Banking Survive the Spanish Economic Crisis?” Ekonomiaz, 84, 3er cautrimestre, 2013: 182-205.
  • “The Logic and Impossibility of Austerity,” Social Research: An International Quarterly 80(3), Special issue on Austerity Economics, Guest Editors Rick McGahey and Teresa Ghilarducci: 665-96. 
  • “Neoclassical Sink and Heterodox Spiral: Political Divides and Lines of Communication in Economics,”
    Review of Keynesian Economics 2(1), Spring 2014: 1-19.


  • “Analytical Marxism,” Dictionary of Marxist Thought, Ed. Tom Bottomore. Revised 1991 edition. Oxford: Basil Blackwell: 19-21.
  • “Systematic Risk in International Lending: Theory and Estimation,” with Ronald Solberg. In Country Risk Analysis: A Handbook. Ed. Ronald Solberg (Unwin Hyman, 1992): 133-160.
  • “Race and the Financial Dynamics of Urban Growth: L.A. as Fay Wray,” with John Veitch, in City of Angels, Ed. by Gerry Riposa and Caroline Dersch. CSU Long Beach: Kendall/Hunt Press, 1992: 131-58.
  • “Hyman Minsky as Hedgehog: The Power of the Wall Street Paradigm," with Robert Pollin, in Financial Conditions and Macroeconomic Performance. Ed. Steven Fazzari. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1993: 27-62.
  • “Introduction", with Gerry Epstein and Bob Pollin, in Transforming the U.S. Financial System: An Equitable and Efficient Structure for the 21st Century, 1993: 3-20. (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “How to Rebuild the US Financial Structure: Level the Playing Field and Renew the Social Contract,” in Transforming the U.S. Financial System: An Equitable and Efficient Structure for the 21st Century, 1993: 101-32. (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “Asymmetric Information, Uncertainty, and Financial Structure: “New” versus “Post-” Keynesian
    Microfoundations,” in New Directions in Monetary Macroeconomics: Essays in the Tradition of Hyman P. Minsky, 1994: 77-103. (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “The Costs and Benefits of Financial Instability: Big-Government Capitalism and the Minsky Paradox,” with Robert Pollin, in New Perspectives in Monetary Macroeconomics: Essays in the Tradition of Hyman P. Minsky, 1994: 369-401. (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “Introduction,” with Bob Pollin, in New Perspectives in Monetary Macroeconomics: Essays in the Tradition of Hyman P. Minsky, 1994:1-18. (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above) Pp. 1-18.
  • “Taking it to the Bank: Race, Credit, and Income in Los Angeles,” with John Veitch, in Residential Apartheid: The American Legacy, Ed. by Robert D. Bullard, Charles Lee, and J. Eugene Grigsby, III. Los Angeles: Center for Afro-American Studies, UCLA, 1994: 150-179.
  • “Kalecki's Monetary Economics,” In An Alternative Macroeconomic Theory: the Kaleckian Model and Post Keynesian Economics. Ed. J. E. King. Amsterdam: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996: 115-140.
  • “Comment (Is Intermediation Redundant in the U.S. Economy?),” in Dimitri Papadimitriou, ed., Financial Prosperity in the 21st Century, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996: 344-359.
  • “Globalization, Polarization, and US Policy Activism,” in The Relevance of Keynesian Policies Today, Eds. Philip Arestis and Malcolm Sawyer. London: Macmillan, 1996: 78-106.
  • “Basic Choices in Keynesian Models of Credit.” In Money in Motion: The Circulation and Post Keynesian Approaches, Eds, Edward Nell and Ghislain Deleplace. Macmillan Publishing Company, 1996: 377-398.
  • “Credit Flows to Cities,” with John Veitch, in Reclaiming Prosperity: A Blueprint for Progressive Economic Reform, Eds. Jeff Faux and Todd Schafer. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 1996: 227-235.
  • “Financing the Future in Los Angeles: From Depression to 21st Century,” with John Veitch, in Rethinking Los Angeles, Eds. Michael Dear, H. Eric Schockman, and Greg Hise. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 1996: 35-55.
  • “Why Does Race Matter in Housing and Credit Markets?” Race, Markets, and Social Outcomes, Eds. Patrick L. Mason and Rhonda Williams. Boston: Kluwer Academic Press, 1996: 157-190.
  • “Money as a ‘Time Machine’ in the New Financial World,” in Vol. 1: Keynes, Money and the Open Economy: Essays in Honour of Paul Davidson, Ed. Philip Arestis. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1996: 85-104.
  • “Racial Inequality and Capitalist Exploitation,” in Exploitation, Ed. by Kai Neilsen and Bob Ware. New York: Humanities Press, 1997: 335-347. Reprinted in Philosophy and the Problems of Work, Ed. by Kory P. Schaff. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001.
  • “Social Efficiency and the “Market Revolution” in U.S. Housing Finance,” with Dorene Isenberg, in The Welfare State System in Japan and the United States, Eds. Shinya Imura, Takashi Nakahama, and Hiroshi Shibuya. Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Hyoron Sha, 1997 (in Japanese): 171-206.
  • “The Evolution of U.S. Bank Behavior: Five Strategies, 1935 to 1998,” Discussion Paper Series No. 6, The Institute of Economic Research, Chuo University, Tokyo, July 1998.
  • “Housing Finance in the Age of Globalization: From Social Housing to Life-Cycle Risk,” with Dorene
    Isenberg, in Globalization and Progressive Economic Policy, Eds. Dean Baker, Gerald Epstein and Robert Pollin. Cambridge University Press, 1998: 219-239.
  • “Disembodied Risk or the Social Construction of Creditworthiness?” in New Keynesian Economics/Post Keynesian Alternatives, Ed. Roy Rotheim. London: Routledge, 1998: 241-261.
  • “Access to Capital and Inner-City Revitalization: Urban Policy after Proposition 209,” in Back to Shared Prosperity: The Growing Inequality of Wealth and Income in America, Ed. Ray Marshall. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2000: 374-86.
  • “Financial Globalization and Housing Policy: From “Golden Age” Housing to “Global Age” Insecurity,” with Dorene Isenberg, in Full Employment and Price Stability in a Global Economy, Eds. Paul Davidson and Jan Kregel. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2000: 139-165.
  • “Social Injustice and Outcome Equality: The Case of Racial and Gender Inequality in the Credit Market” in Robert Pollin, ed., Capitalism, Socialism and Radical Political Economy: Essays In Honor Of Howard J. Sherman, Cheltenham, UK and Northamption, MA: Edward Elgar, 2000: 227-46.
  • “Postscript” to “Can Global Neoliberalism Survive Victory in Asia” The Political Economy of the Korean
    Crisis,” with James Crotty. In Money, Finance, and Capitalist Development, Ed. by Philip Arestis and
    Malcolm Sawyer, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2001: 53-100.
  • “Subsidizing Sprawl: Federal Housing Policies for the Rich and the Poor,” with Carolyn Rodriguez, in
    Growing Together: The Atlas of Southern California, Volume 4, Ed. by Michael Dear. Los Angeles:
    University of Southern California, 2001.
  • “Introduction,” in Seeking Shelter on the Pacific Rim: Financial Globalization, Social Change, and the
    Housing Market, 2001: 1-21. (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “U.S. Housing as Capital Accumulation: The Contradictory Transformation of American Housing Finance, Households, and Communities,” in Seeking Shelter on the Pacific Rim: Financial Globalization, Social Change, and the Housing Market, 2001 (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “Housing-Centered Crises of Social Reproduction in the United States, Japan, and South Korea,” in Seeking Shelter on the Pacific Rim: Financial Globalization, Social Change, and the Housing Market. 2001, 349-68 (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “Sraffa in the City: Exploring the Urban Multiplier,” in Growth, Distribution, and Effective Demand:
    Alternatives to Economic Orthodoxy “ Essays in Honor of Edward J. Nell, Ed. by George Argyrous, Mathew Forstater, and Gary Mongiovi. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2004: 220-238.
  • “Asia in Los Angeles: Ethnic Chinese Banking in the Age of Globalization,” with Maria Chee and Wei Li, in Chinese Enterprise, Transnationalism and Identity, Ed. by T. Gomez and M. H. Hsiao. London: Routledge, 2004: 203-231
  • “The International Debt Crisis,” in Handbook of Globalisation, Ed. Jonathan Michie, Edward Elgar, 2003: 90-103.
  • “Using Remittances to Finance Development in Mexico: The Implications of Banking Transformation,” in Migración Internacional y Remesas en México, Ed. by Jerjes Aguirre Ochoa and Oscar Hugo Pedraza Rendón, Morelia, Michoacan, México: Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales, 2004: 51-82.
  • “A Spatialized Approach to Asset Bubbles and Minsky Crises,” (in Portuguese, “Bolhas de ativos e crises em Minsky: Uma abordagem especializada”) in Globalização Financieira: Ensaios de Macroeconomica Aberta (Financial Globalisation: Essays on Open Macroeconomics), Eds. Fernando Ferrari-Filho and Luiz Fernando de Paula. Petr¢polis: Editora Vozes, 2004: 402-448.
  • “Urban Sprawl, Racial Separation, and Federal Housing Policy,” with Carolyn Aldana, in Up Against the Sprawl: Public Policy and the Making of Southern California, Eds. Jennifer Wolch, Manuel Pastor, Jr., and Peter Dreier. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004: 99-119.
  • “Bancado a transformação: financiando o desenvolvimento, superando a pobreza,” in Brasil em
    Desenvolvimento. Volume I, Eds. Ana Célia Castro, Antonio Licha, Helder Queiroz Pinto, Jr., and João Saboia. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasiliera, 2005: 81-142.
  • “Black-Owned Banks: Past and Present,” with Robert Weems, in African Americans in the United States Economy, Ed. by Cecilia Conrad, John Whitehead, Patrick Mason, and James Stewart. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005: 246-51.
  • “Efficiéncia Social e a Regulação Bancária: Lições da Experiência Americana” (“The Social Efficiency and Regulation of Banking: Lessons from U.S. Experience,”), in Rogério Sobrerira, editor, Regulação Financeira e Bancária. São Paulo: Editora Atlas, 2005: 96-120.
  • “Racial Inequality and African Americans” Disadvantage in the Credit and Capital Markets,” in African
    Americans in the United States Economy, Eds. Cecilia Conrad, John Whitehead, Patrick Mason, and James Stewart. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005: 151-6.
  • “Introduction,” Chapter 1 in Reimagining Growth, 2005: 3-26. (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “Poverty and Social Discrimination: A Spatial Keynesian Approach,” Chapter 8 in Reimagining Growth, 2005: 230-57. (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “Discrimination in the Credit and Housing Markets: Findings and Challenges,” in Handbook on the Economics of Discrimination, Ed. by William Rodgers. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2006: 215-259.
  • “Wealth and Asian Americans: An Exploration,” with Lisa Mohanty and Wei Li, in Wealth Accumulation in Communities of Color in the United States, Ed. by Jessica Gordon Nembhard and Ngina Chiteji, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006: 219-40.
  • “Globally Connected and Locally Embedded Financial Institutions: Analyzing the Ethnic Chinese Banking Sector,” with Wei Li, Ch. 3 in Chinese Ethnic Business: Global and Local Perspectives, Ed. by Eric Fong and Chiu Luk, London: Taylor and Francis, 2006: 35-63.
  • “How Ethnobanks Matter: Banking and Community/Economic Development in Los Angeles,” Chapter 8 in Landscapes of the Ethnic Economy, ed. By David H. Kaplan and Wei Li, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., with Wei Li, Gary Dymski, Maria W.L. Chee, Hyeon-HyoAhn, Carolyn Aldana, Jang-Pyo Hong, and Yu Zhou, London: Rowman and Littlefield, 2006: 113-34.
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  • “Exclusão e Eficiência: A Transformação Global do Core Banking, um Estudo de Caso sobre o Brasil,”
    Chapter 11 in Eficiência Do Sistema Financeiro: Avaliando a Funcionalidade do Setor Bancário Brasileiro, edited by Luiz Fernando de Paula e José Luís Oreiro. São Paulo: Editora Campus/Elsevier, 2006.
  • “Global Financial Integration II: Exclusion, Vulnerability and Systemic Fragility,” in Capture and Exclude: Developing Nations and the Poor in Global Finance, 2007. (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “The Globalization of Financial Exploitation,” in Capture and Exclude: Developing Nations and the Poor in Global Finance, 2007. (See “Edited Books and Volumes” above)
  • “The Racial U-Curve in U.S. Residential Credit Markets in the 1990s: Empirical Evidence from a Post-
    Keynesian World,” with Carolyn Aldana, in Empirical Post Keynesian Economics: Looking at the Real World, Ed. by Ric Holt and Steve Pressman (M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 2007): 70-109.
  • “Korea’s Banks and the Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement: Between Neoliberalism and the Asian Bloc,” in Korea-US FTA and the Korean Economic Crisis (in Japanese), ed. by Kangkook Lee, Kyoto: Koyo Shobo, 2009 pp. 151-78.
  • “Heterodox Economics as Crisis Theory: From Profit-Squeeze to the Global Liquidity Meltdown,” in
    Heterodox Macroeconomics: Keynes, Marx and Globalization, edited by Jonathan Goldstein and Michael Hillard, New York: Routledge, 2009: 66-84.
  • “Ethics and Financial Globalization: Some Reflections,” with Celia Kerstenetzky, in Jan Piel and Irene van Staveren, editors, Handbook of Economics and Ethics, Edward Elgar, 2009: 193-201.
    “Financial Risk and Governance in the Neoliberal Era,” in Managing Financial Risks: From Global to Local, edited by Gordon L. Clark, Adam D. Dixon, and Ashby H.B. Monk, Oxford U. Press, 2009: 48-68. Translated into Spanish as “Gobernabilidad y riesgo financiero en la era neoliberal,” and published in the online journal Ola Financeira, Número 9 (Mayo-Agosto de 2011).
  • “From Financial Exploitation to Global Instability: Two Overlooked Roots of the Subprime Crisis,” in Martijn Konings, ed. The Great Credit Crash. London: Verso Press, 2010: pp. 72-102.
  • “A Spatialized Approach to Asset Bubbles and Minsky Crises,” in The Elgar Companion to Minsky, edited by L. Randall Wray and Dimitri Papadimitriou (Edward Elgar), 2010: pp. 222-245.
  • “Linking Financial Globalization with Financial Exclusion via a Minskyian Bridge,” in Daniela Tavasci and Jan Toporowski, editors, Minsky, Financial Development and Crises. London: Palgrave, 2010: pp. 50-76.
  • “Quatro Crises do Sistema Mundial e o Futuro do “Novo Brasil,” in Dossié da Crise II, Associação
    Keynesiana Brasileira, Agosto de 2010: pp. 20-25. Web-published at
  • “The Global Crisis and the Governance of Power in Finance,” in The Financial Crisis: Origins and
    Implications, edited by Philip Arestis, Rogério Sobreira, and José Luís Oreiro, London: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2010: pp. 63-86.
  • “Using Finance to Promote Equitable Development in the United States: Can Grameen Bank be
    Transplanted?” in Development, Equity, Poverty, a volume honoring Dr. Aziz Khan, edited by Anirban
    Dasgupta, Lopamudra Banerjee, and Riswan Islam. New York: UNDP and Delhi: Macmillan Publishers India Ltd., 2010.
  • “Keynesian Approaches to Financial Crisis,” A Modern Guide to Keynesian Macroeconomics and Economic Policies, co-edited by Eckhard Hein and Engelbert Stockhammer, Edward Elgar, 2011.
    “The Subprime Crisis and the Urban Problematic,” in Subprime Cities: The Political Economy of Mortgage Markets, edited by Manuel B. Aalbers. London: Wiley-Blackwell, Studies in Urban and Social Change, 2011.
  • “The Reinvention of Banking and the Subprime Crisis: On the Origins of Subprime Loans, and How
    Economists Missed the Crisis,” in Subprime Cities: The Political Economy of Mortgage Markets, edited by Manuel B. Aalbers. London: Wiley-Blackwell, Studies in Urban and Social Change, 2011.
  • “On the Possible Replacement of the Efficient-Market Hypothesis: Social Efficiency as a “Thick” Approach to Financial Policy,” New Ecoomics as Mainstream Economics, edited by Philip Arestis and Malcolm Sawyer, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, pp. 77-115.
  • “Banking and finance in the US and in Latin America after the crisis: Three futures,” translated into Spanish as Tres Futuros de la Banca en el Continente Americano después de la Crisis: El Trilema Financiero y el Complejo Wall Street, in Tres Crisis: economia, finanzas y media ambiente, co-edited by Eugenia Correa, Alicia Girón, Arturo Guillén, and Antonina Ivanova, Mexico: UNAM/UAM, México: Miguel Ángel Porrua, 2011, pp. 151-172.
  • “The International Debt Crisis” (revised version), Handbook of Globalisation, Second edition, Ed. Jonathan Michie, Edward Elgar, 2011. Pp. 117-34.
  • “Financial Mergers and Acquisitions: From Regulation to Strategic Repositioning to Geo-Economics,”
    Chapter 22 in The Oxford Handbook of Mergers & Acquisitions, co-edited by David Faulkner, Satu
    Teerikangas, and Richard Joseph. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. Pp. 566-92.
  • “Genie out of the Bottle: The Evolution of Too-Big-to-Fail Policy and Banking Strategy in the US,” published in Portuguese as “O Gênio Fora da Garrafa: A Evolução da Política Too Big To Fail e a Estratégia Bancária dos Estados Unidos,” in As transformações no sistema financeiro internacional. Organizadores (editors), Marcos Antonio Macedo Cintra, Keiti da Rocha Gomes.- Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA), 2012. pp. 177-244.
  • “Introduction,” with Nobuharu Yokokawa, in The Crisis of 2008 and the Future of Capitalism, co-edited by Kiichiro Yagi, Nobuharu Yokokawa, Shinjiro Hagiwara, and Gary Dymski. London: Routledge, 2012, pp. 1-8.
  • “Can the US Economy Escape the Law of Gravity? A Minsky-Kalecki Approach to the Crisis of Neoliberalism,” in The Crisis of 2008 and the Future of Capitalism, co-edited by Kiichiro Yagi, Nobuharu Yokokawa, Shinjiro Hagiwara, and Gary Dymski. London: Routledge, 2012, pp. 222-46.
  • “Bank Lending and the Subprime Crisis,” Oxford Handbook of the Political Economy of Financial Crisis, edited by Gerald Epstein and Martin Wolfson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Pp. 411-29.
  • “The Neoclassical Sink and the Heterodox Spiral:Why the Twin Global Crisis has not Transformed Economics,”G.C. Harcourt and Peter Kreisler, eds., Oxford Handbook of Post-Keynesian Economics, Vol. 2: Critiques and Methodology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, Pp. 436-57.
  • “The Problem of Power in Finance in India and Brazil: From Targets of Opportunity to Poles of Self-Reinforcing Growth?” in Non-Mainstream Dimensions of Global Political Economy: Essays in Honor of Sunanda Sen. Edited by Byasdeb Dasgupta. London: Routledge, 2013. Pp. 45-67.
  • “Understanding the Subprime Crisis: Institutional Evolution and Theoretical Views,” Chapter 2 in Where Credit is Due: Bringing Equity to Credit and Housing After the Market Meltdown, co-edited by Christy Rogers and John Powell. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2013, pp. 23-67.
  • “Analytical Aspects of Financial Access and Financial Exclusion: Context, Concepts, and Graphical
    Approaches,” Chapter 8 in Development on Trial: Shrinking Space for the Periphery. Edited by Anjan Chakrabarti and Sunanda Sen. Hyperabad: Orient Blackswan, 2013.


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  • Entries, Reader’s Guide to the Social Sciences. Two volumes. Ed. by Jonathan Michie. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2001: “Banks and Banking;” “Banking Law;” “Cities (Economics);” “International Debt Crisis;” “Financial Globalization and Integration;” “Macroeconomics;” “Speculative Bubbles;” “Instability;” “Financial Services;” “Economic Geography.”
  • “Banking,” “Microfinance,” “Joseph E. Stiglitz,” and “Ponzi scheme,” entries in the International
    Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, edited by William Darity.
  • “Discrimination in Mortgage Markets,” International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home. Editor in Chief: Susan Smith. Senior Editor: Susan Wachter. Elsevier, 2012. Pp. 364-70.


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    February 1988: 114-117.
  • “Analyzing Modern Business Cycles: Essays Honoring Geoffrey Moore,” Journal of Economic Literature 29(3). Ed. Daniel Klein. September 1991: 1178-89.
  • “Kalecki and Unemployment Equilibrium,” by Mario Sebastiani. Journal of Economic Literature. 33(2), June 1995: 317-318.
  • “Analytical Marxism,” by Tom Mayer. Science and Society. 60(2), Summer 1996: 232-235.
    “Making Sense of a Changing Economy: Technology, Markets and Morals,” by Edward J. Nell. Journal of Economic Literature, 35(3), September 1997: 1434-35.
  • “A Critique of Orthodox Economics: An Alternative Model,” by Harold Lydall, Journal of Economic
    Literature, 37, December 1999: 1734-5.
  • “Credit to the Community: Community Reinvestment and Fair Lending Policy in the United States,” by Dan Immergluck, Urban Studies, 43:13, December 2006.


  • “Disconnected Societies: Rich versus Poor in the Development Debate,” in an edited volume published by the Society for International Development, The Hague: The Netherlands, forthcoming 2014.
  • “The Financial Trilemma and the Future of American Banking,” in Banking, Monetary Policy and the
    Political Economy of Financial Regulation: Essays in Honor of Jane Webb D'Arista, co-edited by Tom
    Schlesinger and Gerald Epstein, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, forthcoming 2014.
  • “Commons’ Commonwealth and Financial Crises in the Neoliberal Era,” with Melody Chiong and Jesus
    Hernandez, Journal of Economic Issues December 2014, forthcoming.


  • “A Critique of Supply Side Economics,” World & I 8(2), February 1993: 528-545.
    “Labor Resistance in Korea,” with Jim Crotty, Z Magazine. September 1998: 19-23.
  • “The Korean Struggle: Can the East Asian Model Survive?” with Jim Crotty, Z Magazine, July-August 1998: 194-198.
  • “The Korean Struggle Intensifies,” with Jim Crotty, Z Magazine, September 1998.
    Translated and posted by the Samsung Economic Research Institute, 2002.
  • “The Korean Struggle and the Asian Crisis,” with Jim Crotty, Dollars and Sense, November 1998.
    “Exclusão Financiera e Transformação Global dos Bancos,” in Plurale em Revista, Ano Um, No. 2, Novembro 2007, Pp. 25-28.
  • “The crisis and its opening for the Left,” Re-Public: Reimagining Democracy, Athens, Greece. May 2009. Online at”p=893
  • “Comparing Greece and California: Toward a United States of Europe,” Re-Public: Reimagining Democracy, Athens, Greece. October 12, 2010. Online at”p=2419


  • Taking it to the Bank: Race, Poverty, and Credit in Los Angeles. with John Veitch and Michelle White. Los Angeles: Western Center on Law and Poverty. Released by Mayor Tom Bradley of Los Angeles on November 6, 1991. Printed in United States Senate, Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. Report on the Status of the Community Reinvestment Act: Views and Recommendations. Vol. II of II, September 1991(Washington, DC: USGPO).
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    Galbraith, released by the Economic Policy Institute, June 1992. 16 pgs.
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    California, chaired by Senator Richard Alarcon, California State Senate, Sacramento, June 12, 2003.
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  • “Notes on the role of financing mechanisms in an industrial reconstruction of Europe,” September 20, 2013, presented at the 2013 meeting of the Euro-Memo group, London, September 2013.
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  • “Beyond Europe’s financial bifurcation point: Policy proposals for a more stable and more equitable financial system,” with Annina Kaltenbrunner, Foundation for European Progressive Studies, for the Project on Inequality and Finance in Europe, June 19, 2014.

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