Jean Gardiner - BA (Hons) (Cambridge), MSc (LSE)

Visiting Senior Research Fellow, Leeds University Business School

Before retiring, I was a Senior Lecturer in Employment Relations at Leeds University Business School from 2005 to 2015, having previously worked for 29 years in the School of Continuing Education at Leeds, where I was the Deputy Chair of School from 2001-05. Prior to coming to Leeds, I was a lecturer and tutor at the Universities of Keele, Cambridge and London.

I have a long established research interest in the inter-relationship between labour markets, gender and family care and have authored numerous articles and book chapters. I am also author of the widely cited monograph, Gender, Care and Economics (1997, Macmillan). I was a founding member of the Conference of Socialist Economists (CSE) and contributed to the establishment of women's studies and gender studies at the Universities of Cambridge and Leeds. I was a founding Deputy Director of the Leeds Centre for Interdisciplinary Gender Studies (CIGS) from 1997-1999.

My research is focused on the interface between employment relations and social policy, currently within four overlapping areas:

  1. Work-life balance over the life-course; the inter-relationships between paid work, unpaid family care and non-work activities and skills.
  2. Labour market transitions e.g. redundancy and retirement: The interplay of culture, structures and agency within individuals' experience of these transitions.
  3. Gender and social inequalities in occupational welfare, e.g. pensions.
  4. Cross-national comparison of public policies on pensions and the employment and retirement of older workers.
Selected Publications

Monographs and short works

Gardiner, J. (1997) Gender, Care and Economics, Basingstoke, Macmillan, 273pp

Aaronovitch, S., Smith, R., with Gardiner, J. and Moore, R. (1981) The Political Economy of British Capitalism, London, McGraw-Hill, Tokyo: Orion Press, 397pp.

Gardiner, J. Harrison, J. and Seccombe, W. (1975) El Ama de Casa bajo el Capitalismo, Barcelona, Editorial Anagrama, 123pp.

Contributions to Edited Books

Gardiner, J. and Martinez Lucio, M. (2006) ‘Feminization and Inequality in the New Regime of Work: From Exclusion by Design to Exclusion by Default’, in Alonso, L. E. and Martinez Lucio, M. (eds), Employment Relations in a Changing Society’: Assessing the Post-Fordist Paradigm, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, pp.139-52

Gardiner, J. (2001) ‘Issues of Organisational Change’ in J. Wilson (ed.) Women in the New Economy: a Regional Perspective, London, the Smith Institute, pp. 32-35

ardiner, J. (2000) ‘Gender and family in the formation of human capital’, in Cook, J., Roberts, J. and Georgina Waylen, G. (eds) Towards a Gendered Political Economy, Basingstoke, Macmillan pp. 61-76

Gardiner, J., Himmelweit, S. and Mackintosh, M. (2000) ‘Women’s Domestic Labour’, in Himmelweit, S. (ed.) Inside the Household: from Labour to Care’, Basingstoke, Macmillan, pp. 25-40

Gardiner, J. (2000) ‘Domestic Labour Revisited: A Feminist Critique of Marxist Economics’, in Himmelweit, S. (ed.) Inside the Household: from Labour to Care’, Basingstoke, Macmillan, pp. 80-101

Gardiner, J. (2000) ‘Rethinking self-sufficiency: employment, families and welfare’, in, Institute of Employment Rights, Social Justice and Economic Efficiency pp. 671-89

Gardiner, J. (1999) ‘Los padres fundadores’ in Carrasco, C. (ed.) Mujeres y economia: nuevas perspectivas para viejos y nuevos problemas, Madrid, Icaria, pp. 59-90

Gardiner, J. (1999) ‘Domestic Labor Debate’, in P. O’Hara (ed.), Encyclopedia of Political Economy, Volume 1, London and New York, Routledge, pp. 222-25

Gardiner, J. (1999) ‘Patriarchy’, in P. O’Hara (ed.), Encyclopedia of Political Economy, Volume 2, London and New York, Routledge, pp. 843-46

Anderson, V. and Gardiner, J. (1998) ‘Continuing Education: the Old, the New and the Future’, in Benn, R., Elliott, J. and Whaley, P. (eds) Educating Rita and her Sisters: Women and Continuing Education, Leicester, NIACE, pp. 18-27

Gardiner, J. and O’Rourke, R. (1998) ‘Women’s career progression: a case study’, in Benn, R., Elliott, J. and Whaley, P. (eds) Educating Rita and her Sisters: Women and Continuing Education, Leicester, NIACE, pp. 131-41

Gardiner, J. (1997) ‘A New Gender Contract?’ in Hall, S. Massey, D. and Rustin, M. (eds), The Next Ten Years, London, Lawrence and Wishart, pp. 69-76

Gardiner, J. (1996) ‘El Trabajo Domestico Revisitado: una Critica Feminista de las economias neoclasica y marxista’ in van Osch, T. (ed.) Nuevos Enfoques Economicos, San Jose, Embajada Real de los Paises Bajos, pp. 141-170

Gardiner, J. and O'Rourke, R. (1996) ‘Less lucky, less stroppy or what?’ in Taylor, R. (ed.) Beyond the Walls: 50 years of Continuing Education at the University of Leeds, Leeds, University of Leeds Series in Continuing Education, pp. 270-282

Gardiner, J. and O'Rourke, R. (1996) ‘“Heroic Student-Souls”: attitudes to women in the Department’, in Taylor, R. (ed.) Beyond the Walls: 50 years of Continuing Education at the University of Leeds, Leeds, University of Leeds Series in Continuing Education, pp. 283-295

Gardiner, J. (1994) ‘Female Employment and Unemployment’, in Arestis, P. and Sawyer, M. C. (eds) The Elgar Companion to Radical Political Economy, Aldershot, Edward Elgar, pp 143-148

Gardiner, J. (1989) ‘Making Women's Education Mainstream’, in Cole, S. (ed.) Women Educating Women: Exploring the Potential of Open Learning, Cambridge, National Extension College, pp 61-64

Gardiner, J. (1986) ‘Working with Women’, in Taylor, R. and Ward, K. (eds) Adult Education and the Working Class, London, Croom Helm, pp 118-132

Gardiner, J. (1984) ‘Women, Recession and the Tories’ in Kanter, H., Lefanu, S., Shah, S. and Spedding, C. (eds), Sweeping Statements, London, The Women's Press, pp 152-163

Gardiner, J. (1983) ‘Women, Recession and the Tories’ in Hall, S. and Jacques, M. (eds) The Politics of Thatcherism, London, Lawrence and Wishart, pp 188-206

Gardiner, J. and Smith, S. (1982) ‘Feminism and the Alternative Economic Strategy’, in Currie, D. and Sawyer, M. (eds) Socialist Economic Review, London, Merlin Press, pp 31-45

Gardiner, J., Himmelweit, S. and Mackintosh, M. (1980) ‘Women's Domestic Labour’, in Malos, E. (ed.) The Politics of Housework, ed. London, Alison and Busby, pp 235-252

Gardiner, J. (1979) ‘Women's Domestic Labour’ in Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism, in Eisenstein, Z. R. (ed.) New York, Monthly Review Press, pp 173-189

Gardiner, J. (1978) ‘Women: Domestic Labor and Wage Labor’ in ed. Edwards, R. C. Reich, M.  and Weisskopf, T. E. (eds)The Capitalist System: A Radical Analysis of American Society, Second Edition, Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall, pp 349-353

Gardiner, J. (1977) ‘Women in the Labour Process and Class Structure’ in Hunt, A. (ed.) Class and Class Structure, London, Lawrence and Wishart, pp 155-164

Gardiner, J. (1976) ‘Political Economy of Domestic Labour’ in Allen, S. and Barker, D. (eds) Dependence and Exploitation in Work and Marriage, London, Longman, pp 109-120

Gardiner, J. (1976) ‘Women in Society: A Case Study in Social Change’ in Patterns of Inequality, Open University Social Science Course, Milton Keynes, Open University Press, pp 31-78

Gardiner, J. (1974) ‘Women's Work in the Industrial Revolution’ in Conditions of Illusion ed. S. Allen, Leeds, Feminist Books, 1974, pp 244-258

Refereed Journal Articles

Gardiner, J., Robinson, A. M. and Fakhfakh, F. (2016) ‘Exploring the private pension gender gap and occupation in later working life’. Work, Employment and Society, 30, 4, 687-707

Vincent, S., Wapshott, R. and Gardiner, J. (2014) ‘Putting the Agent into Research in Black and Minority Ethnic Entrepreneurship: A New Methodological Proposal’. Journal of Critical Realism, 13, 4, August, 368–384

Gardiner, J., Stuart, M., MacKenzie, R., Forde, C., Greenwood, I. and Perrett, R. (2009) ‘Redundancy as a critical life event: moving on from the Welsh steel industry through career change’. Work, Employment and Society 23, 4, 1-19

Gardiner, J., and Tomlinson, J. (2009) ‘Organisational approaches to flexible working: perspectives of equality and diversity managers in the UK’ Equal Opportunities International, 28, 8: 671-86

Bergman, A. and Gardiner, J. (2007) ‘Employee Availability for Work and Family: Three Swedish Case Studies’. Employee Relations. 29, 4, 400-414

Gardiner, J., Stuart, M., Forde, C., Greenwood, I., MacKenzie, R. Perrett, R. (2007) ‘Work-Life Balance and Older Workers: employees’ perspectives on retirement transitions following redundancy’. International Journal of Human Resource Management. 18, 3, March, 476-489

MacKenzie, R., Stuart, M., Forde, C., Greenwood, I., Gardiner, J., Perrett, R. (2006) ‘All that is Solid?’ Class, Identity and the Maintenance of a Collective Orientation amongst Redundant Steel Workers’. Sociology. 40, 5, 833-52

Gardiner, J. (2000) ‘Rethinking self-sufficiency: employment, families and welfare’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 24 (6) November, pp. 671-89

Gardiner, J. (1998) ‘Beyond Human Capital: Households in the Macroeconomy’, New Political Economy, 3 (2), July pp. 209-21

Other Articles

Gardiner, J. (2002) ‘Alternative Pathways to Full Employment’ in Federation News, 52 (1) pp. 25-26, published by The General Federation of Trade Unions and The Institute of Employment Rights

Gardiner, J. (1997) ‘How to Combine Care and Career’, The Guardian, 17 February, p. 16

Gardiner, J. (1996) ‘Household Budgets’, Red Pepper, No. 31, December, pp 14-15

Gardiner, J. (1995) ‘Childcare and Labour Market Strategies’, Centre for Industrial Policy and Performance Bulletin, No. 9, University of Leeds, pp 4-6

Gardiner, J. and O'Rourke, R. (1995) ‘A Safe and Welcoming Place? Workplace Progression for Women Staff’, Adults Learning, January, pp 164-166

Gardiner, J. and Taylor, R. (1993) 'University Continuing Education in Britain and the development of educational provision with the minority ethnic communities' Adult Education and Development no.40, DVV Institute for International Cooperation pp 63-70 (published in English, French and Spanish)

Chapman, R. and Gardiner, J. (1995) 'Developing a part-time science Access programme: a University of Leeds case study' in Journal of Access Studies, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp 215-224

Gardiner, J. (1976) ‘Women and Unemployment’ Red Rag no.10, pp 12-15

Gardiner, J., Himmelweit, S. and Mackintosh, M. (1975) ‘Women's Domestic Labour’ Conference of Socialist Economists Bulletin 11, 1975, pp 1-11

Gardiner, J. (1975) ‘Women's Domestic Labour’ New Left Review No.89, pp 47-58

A series of eight linked articles on the economy in Spare Rib, 1974-75, nos 21, 22, 25, 27, 28, 30, 31, 35 on 'Inflation', 'The Miners' Strike', 'Labour's Economic Policy', 'Women's Employment', 'Unequal Pay', 'Nationalisation: Debt, Debate and Industrial Democracy', 'Profits', 'The Common Market Referendum'. Accessed at: http://www.bl.uk/spare-rib

Single Book Reviews

Review of H. Bradley and G. Healy (2008) Ethnicity and Gender at Work: Inequalities, Careers and Employment Relations, Future of Work Series, Palgrave Macmillan, in Industrial Relations Journal, 41, 4, 2010, 399–401

Review of B. Einhorn and E. J. Yeo (eds) (1995) Women and Market Societies: Crisis and Opportunity, Edward Elgar, in Journal of Area Studies, Issue 11, Summer 1997, 166-8

Review of J. P. Jacobsen (1994) The Economics of Gender, Blackwell, in Journal of Area Studies, Issue 8, Spring 1996, 152-3

Published Research Reports


Gardiner, J. and Taylor, R. (1992) Developing Opportunities for Minority Ethnic Students at the University of Leeds, Report of a Widening Access to Human Resources Disciplines Development Project, Department of Adult Continuing Education, University of Leeds, 26pp

Robinson, P., Gardiner, J., Harrison, M. and Law, I. (1992) Ethnic Monitoring Research Project Report, Department of Social Policy and Sociology, University of Leeds, 1992, 24pp

Universities Council for Adult and Continuing Education (1990) Report of the Working Party on Continuing Education Provision for the Minority Ethnic Communities, UCACE

Unpublished Research Reports

Stuart, M., Greenwood, I., Forde, C., MacKenzie, R., Perrett, R. and Gardiner, J. (2004) The Economic and Social Impact of Redundancies from Corus and Allied Steel and Wire in Wales, end of award report prepared for ISTC Community Union and Steel Partnership Training, 49pp

Gardiner, J. Ahmed, K., Anderson, J. and Laher, Z. (1990) Women's Training and Employment, Bradford, Millan Centre

J. Gardiner (ed.) (1989) Working Through Our Racism, Report of a Women's Staff Development Programme, Leeds, Yorkshire and Humberside NIACE REPLAN, 20pp

A. Ahmed, A., Khan, T., Gardiner, J. and Pearson, M. (1986) A New Strategy for Health Education, Department of Adult Continuing Education, University of Leeds, 1986, 47pp

Departmental Working Papers

Forde, C.., Stuart, M., Gardiner, J., Greenwood, I., MacKenzie, R. and Perrett, R. (2009) ‘Socially responsible restructuring in an era of mass redundancy’ CERIC Working Paper 5, Centre for Employment Relations Innovation and Change

Leeds University Business School, 28 pp

Gardiner, J. (1995) ‘New Thinking on the Domestic Labour Debate’, Research Working Paper No. 11, Leeds, Department of Social Policy and Sociology, University of Leeds, pp 13-24

Gardiner, J. (1986) 'Women and Unemployment: A Case Study' in Spencer, B. (ed.) Adult Education with the Unemployed, Leeds, Department of Adult Continuing Education, University of Leeds, pp 23-32

Recent Conference papers

Gardiner, J. ‘Exploring the institutional context for variations in women’s later workforce participation.’ Gender, Work & Organization Conference 24-26 June 2014, University of Keele

Gardiner, J., and Robinson, A. M. (2010) ‘Gender inequalities in private pension wealth in England: Evidence from ELSA’. Work, Employment and Society Conference, Managing Uncertainty: A New Deal? International challenges and the changing face of work, 7-9 September 2010, University of Brighton

Gardiner, J. and Tomlinson, J. ‘Flexible working through an equality and diversity lens’, IIRA 8th European Regional Congress, The Dynamics of European Employment Relations, September 4-7 2007, University of Manchester

Gardiner, J. ‘Flexible working, work-life balance and long hours: re-designing senior jobs’, Gender Equality in Local Labour Markets Conference, Congress House London July 13 2006

Forde, C., Stuart, Gardiner, J., Greenwood, I., Mackenzie, R. and Perrett, R., ‘Still Mismanaging Redundancy: Restructuring and Corporate Social Responsibility in the Welsh Steel Industry’, British Universities Industrial Relations Association (BUIRA) 56th Annual Conference, June 28-30 2006, National University of Ireland, Galway

Gardiner, J. ‘Work-life balance and the marginalisation of the life-course’ Open Futures – Mobile Identities Conference, Lancaster University, November 10-11, 2005

Gardiner, J., Stuart, M., Forde, C., Greenwood, I., Mackenzie, R. and Perrett, R., ‘Perceptions of De-skilling and Up-skilling in the Restructuring of Employment: the Welsh Steel Industry Redundancies’, Conference on Training, Employability and Employment (CTEE), September 22-23 2005, Prato, Italy

Contact and CV

Email: jeangardiner2@gmail.com 

Curriculum Vitae