Professor Andrew Brown - BA, MA (Leeds), PhD (Middlesex)

Professor of Economics and Political Economy

Andrew Brown

I have been based at the Business School since November 2000. My research spans several levels of abstraction and can be grouped under several headings:

Job Quality (with Andy Charlwood, Chris Ford and David Spencer)
My joint work on job quality stems initially from a DTI (now BERR) grant, awarded in 2006, to study job quality in Great Britain using the Work and Employment Relations Survey. This resulted in the report entitled Changing Job Quality in Great Britain 1998-2004 which has received ministerial interest, including being cited in a speech by Alistair Darling available at www.dti.gov.uk/about/ministerial-team/page37013.html, and has been widely cited and reported. We have published in the Cambridge Journal of Economics and have given invited presentations at the DTI (now BERR), the Work Foundation, and Compass (in conjunction with CERIC). Our paper on the impact of HRM on job satisfaction won the prestigious Prof. Ian Beardwell Prize at the CIPD professional standards conference.

Critical Realism and Economic Methodology
With the retreat from both positivist and post-modernist perspectives, realist approaches such as critical realism continue to gain ground in the social sciences. I have long been a sympathetic critic of critical realism, as reflected in various publications, including articles in the Cambridge Journal of Economics, the Journal of Economic Methodology and the Journal of Post Keynesian Economics. The book entitled Critical Realism and Marxism (co-edited with Steve Fleetwood and John Roberts) has become a standard reference in the area (see, e.g., the review article in the Journal of Critical Realism). I delivered a keynote address, with Steve Fleetwood, to the 2001 Annual Conference of the International Association for Critical Realism, based on our introduction to the book. Turning to economic methodology and political economy more broadly, I was organiser (with John Davis) of the International Network for Economic Method Conference at Weetwood Hall, Leeds, in 2003, and I jointly organised the 2004 Association for Heterodox Economists conference at LUBS.

Dialectics, Value Theory and Political Economy
My most abstract work develops the materialism and dialectics of E.V. Ilyenkov (a Russian philosopher, closely associated with ‘activity theory’) as a basis for political economy, and engages in contemporary debates on value theory. I see this work as a ‘deepening’ of the approach to value and political economy initiated by Ben Fine (SOAS), and am accordingly involved in the ‘International Initiative for Promoting Political Economy’ based at SOAS. My publications in this area include journal articles in the Cambridge Journal of Economics and the Journal of Economic Methodology. I was on the editorial board of the leading journal in the area, Historical Materialism, from 1998 to 2002 and issue editor of the symposium in that journal on the global economic crisis, 1999, nos 4–5.

The Economics of the Euro (with Philip Arestis and Malcolm Sawyer)
My joint work on the Euro (undertaken from 1999 to 2003) drew on Post Keynesian political economy (an effective counter to orthodox theory at a relatively concrete level). Journal publications included articles in the International Review of Applied Economics and the Eastern Economic Journal. Our 2001 book, The Euro: Evolution and Prospects, was cited prominently in an invited memorandum by my co-authors in evidence for the Treasury Committee Sixth Report available at: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200203/cmselect/cmtreasy/187/187ap29.htm  

Publications

Refereed contributions to journals

        1. Brown, A., ‘Reorienting Critical Realism: a System-wide Perspective on the Capitalist Economy’, Journal of Economic Methodology, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp.497–517, 2007

(=) 2. Brown, A, Charlwood, A., Forde, C. and Spencer, D.A., ‘Job Quality and the Economics of New Labour: a critical appraisal using subjective survey data’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol.36, No.6, pp. 941–71, 2007

        3. Brown, A., ‘A Materialist Development of Some Recent Contributions to the Labour Theory of Value’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Advance Access published [DOI 10.1093/cje/bem017], pp.1–22, August 6, 2007

(=) 4. Arestis, P., Brown, A., Biefang-Frisancho Mariscal, I. and Sawyer, M.C., ‘Asymmetries of Demand for Money Functions Amongst EMU Countries’, Investigacion Economica, Vol.LXII, No.245, pp.15–32, 2003

(=) 5. Brown, A., Slater, G. and Spencer, D.A., ‘Driven to Abstraction: Critical realism and the search for the “inner connection” of social phenomena’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol.26, No.1, pp.773–88, 2002

(=) 6. Arestis, P., Brown, A., Mouratidis, K. and Sawyer, M.C., ‘The Euro: reflections on the first three years’, International Review of Applied Economics, Vol.16, No.1, pp.1–17, 2002

(=) 7. Arestis, P., Brown, A., Biefang-Frisancho Mariscal, I. and Sawyer, M.C., ‘Explaining the Euro’s Initial Decline’, Eastern Economic Journal, Vol.28, No.1, pp.71–88, 2002

        8. Brown, A., ‘Comment on Dow’s “Post Keynesianism and Critical Realism: What is the connection?”’, Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Vol.23, No.2, pp.348–56, 2001

Books


(=) 1. Brown, A., Fleetwood, S. and Roberts, J.M. (eds), Critical Realism and Marxism, pp.280, London, Routledge, 2002

(=) 2. Arestis, P., Brown, A. and Sawyer, M.C., The Euro: Evolution and Prospects, pp.152, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2001

Parts of books


        1. Brown, A., ‘Economics’, entry in Hartwig, M. (ed.), Dictionary of Critical Realism, pp.115–6, London, Routledge, 2007

(=) 2. Arestis, P., Brown, A., Biefang-Frisancho Mariscal, I. and Sawyer, M.C., ‘The decline of the euro in its first two years: is there a satisfactory explanation?’, in Rouchon, L. and M. Seccareccia (eds) Dollariszation, pp. 15–29, London, Routledge, 2003

(*) 3. Arestis, P., Brown, A. and Sawyer, M.C., ‘Critical Realism and the Political Economy of the Euro’, in Downward, P. (ed.), Applied Economics and the Critical Realist Critique, pp.233–46, London, Routledge, 2003

        4. Brown, A., ‘Critical Realism’, entry in King, J. (ed.) The Elgar Companion to Post Keynesian Economics, pp.82–86, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2003

(=) 5. Arestis, P., Brown, A., Biefang-Frisancho Mariscal, I. and Sawyer, M.C., ‘Causes of Euro Instability’, in El-Agraa, A.M. (ed.) The Euro and Britain, pp.153–90, London, Financial Times / Prentice Hall, 2002

        6. Brown, A., ‘Developing Realistic Philosophy: from critical realism to materialist dialectics’ in Brown, A., S. Fleetwood and J.M. Roberts (eds), Critical Realism and Marxism, pp.168–86, London, Routledge, 2002

(=) 7. Brown, A., Fleetwood, S. and Roberts, J.M., ‘The Marriage of Critical Realism and Marxism: happy, unhappy or on the rocks?’ introduction to Brown, A., Fleetwood, S. and Roberts, J.M. (eds), Critical Realism and Marxism, pp.1–22, London, Routledge, 2002

Unrefereed contributions to journals


1. Brown, A., Review of Campbell, C. and Reuten, G., The Culmination of Capital, Basingstoke, Palgrave, in Studies in Marxism, Vol. 9, pp.99–102, 2003

2. Brown, A., Editorial Introduction to Symposium on Brenner and the Global Economic Crisis, in Historical Materialism, Vol.4, No.1, pp.3–7, 1999

3. Brown, A., Review of Moseley, F. and Campbell, M. (eds), New Investigations of Marx’s Method, New Jersey, Humanities Press, 1997, in Capital & Class, No.68, pp.197–200, 1999

Other research outputs:

Reports

=) 1. Brown, A., Charlwood, A. Forde, C. and Spencer, D.A., ‘Changing Job Quality in Great Britain 1998 – 2004’, pp.70, DTI Employment Relations Research Series, No. 70, 2006

Working papers


1. Brown, A. ‘Developing Realistic Methodology: How new dialectics surpasses the critical realist method for social science’, Middlesex University Business School, Economics Discussion Paper, No.66, 1999

External presentations

1.     ‘The status and relevance of Robbins’s Essay on the Nature and Significance of Economic Science after seventy five years’, Lionel Robbins 75th Anniversary conference, LSE, Dec. 2007 (with David Spencer2. ‘Job Quality and the Economics of New Labour’, Compass Yorkshire and the Humber Regional Conference, LUBS, Nov 2007 (with Andy Charlwood, Chris Forde and David Spencer3. ‘Is Job Satisfaction u-shaped in Income?’, Work Employment and Society Conference, University of Aberdeen, Sept 2007 (with Andy Charlwood, Chris Forde and David Spencer4. ‘A materialist contribution to some recent developments of the labour theory of value’, International Symposium on Marxian Theory: 17th Annual Conference, Iowa State University, July 2005. ‘Job Quality and the Economics of New Labour: a critical appraisal’, International Conference of the Association for Heterodox Economics, UWE, July 2007 (with Andy Charlwood, Chris Forde and David Spencer6. ‘Changes in Human Resource Management and Job Satisfaction 1998-2004: Evidence from the Workplace Employment Relations Survey’, CIPD professional Standards Conference, Keele Univeristy, June 2007 (with Andy Charlwood, Chris Forde and David Spencer7. ‘Changing Job Quality in Great Britain 1998 – 2004’, presented at the Work Foundation, London, March 2007 (with Andy Charlwood, Christ Forde and David Spencer8. ‘Changing Job Quality in Great Britain 1998 – 2004’, DTI international conference on New Perspectives on Job Satisfaction and Well-Being, DTI London, Dec 2006. (with Andy Charlwood, Chris Forde and David Spencer9. ‘Changing job quality in Great Britain 1998 – 2004: are new jobs better than the jobs destroyed in workplace closure?’, DTI conference, The Employee Experience: evidence from WERS 2004, DTI conference centre, London, Sept 2006 (with Andy Charlwood, Chris Forde and David Spencer10. ‘Getting so much better all the time?: Changes in job quality in Great Britain 1998 – 2004’, Employment Research Unit Annual Conference, Employment Relations in Practice: Perspectives from WERS 2004, Cardiff Business School, Sept 2006 (with Andy Charlwood, Chris Forde and David Spencer11. ‘Social Labour as the Key to Defining Knowledge and Value’, Value Theory in the Knowledge-Based Economy Workshop, Institute for Advanced Studies, Lancaster University, April 200612. ‘A Materialist Contribution to Some Recent Developments in the Labour Theory of Value’, Cambridge Realism Workshop, CRASSH, University of Cambridge, March 200613. ‘A Materialist Contribution to Some Recent Developments in the Labour Theory of Value’, International Conference of the Association for Heterodox Economics, City Universty, London, July 200514. ‘Reorienting Critical Realism’, Cambridge Realism Workshop, CRASSH, University of Cambridge, Feb 200515. ‘Reorienting Critical Realism’, Stirling Centre for Economic Methodology Workshop, University of Stirling, Nov 200416. ‘Reorienting Critical Realism’, International Network for Economic Method Conference, University of Amsterdam, August 200417. ‘The Labour Theory of Value: materialist versus idealist interpretations’ International Association for Critical Realism Conference, University of Cambridge, August 200418. ‘Critical Realism and the Political Economy of the Euro’, Cambridge Realism Workshop, Newnham College, University of Cambridge, Dec 20019. ‘Critical Realism and the Political Economy of the Euro’, International Network for Economic Method Conference, Leeds University Business School, Weetwood Hall, Sept 20020. ‘Critical Realism and the Political Economy of the Euro’, 7th Annual Conference of the International Association for Critical Realism, University of Amsterdam, Aug 200321. ‘The Euro and the European Employment Strategy’, Eastern Economics Association Conference, New York, Feb 200322. ‘Critical Realism and the Political Economy of the Euro’, Eastern Economics Association Conference, New York, Feb 200323. ‘Reflections on the Euro’, Capital & Class Seminar on the Euro, London, July 2002 24. ‘The Marriage of Critical Realism and Marxism’ Keynote address, 5th Annual Conference of the International Association for Critical Realism, Roskilde University, Denmark, August 2001. (with Steve Fleetwood25. ‘Driven to Abstraction? Critical realism and the search for the “inner connection” of social phenomena’, 5th Annual Conference of the International Association for Critical Realism, Roskilde University, Denmark, August 2001 26. ‘Substantiating the Labour Theory of Value’, International Working Group on Value Theory, 2nd annual symposium, University of Greenwich, July 2001 27. ‘Substantiating the Labour Theory of Value’, London Seminars in Value Theory, SOAS, March 200128. ‘Explaining the Euro’s Initial Decline’, Eastern Economics Association Conference, New York, Feb 200129. ‘Developing Realistic Philosophy: from critical realism to materialist dialectics’, 4th Annual Conference of the International Association for Critical Realism, Lancaster University, August 2000.30. ‘Driven to Abstraction? Critical realism and the search for the “inner connection” of social phenomena’, Heterodox Economics Conference (with David Spencer), June 2000.31. ‘Developing Realistic Philosophy: from critical realism to materialist dialectics’, King’s College Seminar Series in Critical Realism, King’s College, London, March 2000.32. ‘Driven to Abstraction? Critical realism and the search for the “inner connection” of social phenomena’, Cambridge Realism Workshop, King’s College, Cambridge, Feb 2000; 33. ‘What can Hegel do for Economics?’, Greenwich Seminars in Political Economy, Greenwich University, November 1999.34. ‘Developing Realistic Methodology: how new dialectics surpasses the critical realist method for social science’, Annual Critical Realism Conference, Orebro University, Sweden, August 1999; RES fringe conference, Nottingham University, March 1999.35. ‘The Hidden Transcendence of Critical Realism by New Dialectics,’ invited seminar, ILS/Economics division, LUBS, Feb 1998.36. ‘The Hidden Opposition of Critical Realism and New Dialectics,’ Second Annual Postgraduate Economics Conference, Leeds University, November 1997.37. ‘Critical Realism and the “Method of Articulation”: a critique of the methodology of Bob Jessop,’ Conference of Socialist Economists, Northumberland University, August 1996.

Contact

Email: andrew@lubs.leeds.ac.uk 

Tel: +44 (0)113 343 6859